- Right Age for Orthodontic Treatment
- Signs for early orthodontic examination
- Problems that can be corrected with Braces
- Know your Braces
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Clear Aligners
- Caring for your Braces
Orthodontic Treatment is usually synonymous with braces. While braces is the most important and common treatment option, this can be used to correct only alignment of teeth. Orthodontics also include functional and preventive orthodontics to correct developing skeletal or dental malocclusion, and is usually overlooked. The results of orthodontic treatment can be dramatic — beautiful smiles, improved dental health and an enhanced quality of life for people of all ages. Outstanding results are also dependent on maximizing the co-ordination between your personal dental care and our practice.
Right Age for Orthodontic Treatment
The right age is as young as 6 years! At this age, persistent habits such as thumb sucking, mouth breathing and tongue thrusting has to be intercepted. When treated correctly, the dental problems arising from such habits such as open bite can be easily prevented. Subsequent monitoring at 7 years, 9 years and 11 years is required for every child to coincide with the eruption of permanent teeth. Developing problems in growth of jaws too; either too small or too big can be prevented by active intervention. During the growing phase till puberty, these developing growth discrepancies can be easily identiﬁed and corrected with simple appliances. Any skeletal problem after puberty can only be corrected by surgery. Braces also can be started as early as 10 years.
Signs for Early Orthodontic Examination
- Early or late loss of baby teeth
- Double row of teeth
- Difficulty in chewing or biting
- Thumb sucking or mouth breathing
- Crowding, misplaced or blocked out teeth
- Cheek biting
Problems that can be corrected with Braces
Know Your Braces
How do I choose the type of braces?
The choice of braces depends on many factors including the complexity of the treatment required, the time frame of entire treatment, clinical condition of the gums and also the cost. While you can choose the type of braces best suited for your pocket, sometimes it may be necessary to opt for a different system based on the opinion of your orthodontist.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of the different braces?
- Newer braces system that has a self-locking clip mechanism; hence no need for rubber bands
- Brackets are smaller in size so more esthetic
- More comfortable, Easy to maintain
- Faster treatment (by 25%) compared to conventional braces
- Is available as metal (Damon Braces) or clear (Damon clear)
- Accepted worldwide
- Suitable for all age groups
- More expensive than conventional braces
- Can be done only by qualiﬁed specialists
Conventional Ceramic Braces
- Tooth colored, hence more esthetic than metal braces
- More comfortable than metal braces
- Easier to maintain
- Chances of breakage is higher than conventional metal braces
- Can take up stains and change color
- Longer duration of treatment compared to self-ligating braces
Conventional Metal Braces
- Most commonly used system
- Can be done by most orthodontists
- Less chances of breakage
- Mostly preferred by children
- Most affordable system
- Oldest (possibly outdated?) system
- Bracket size is very large
- Irritation to lips and cheeks
- Unsightly due to large bracket size
- Food restrictions are high
- Longer treatment duration compared to self-ligating braces
What is the duration of braces treatment?
The duration usually depends on the complexity of tooth movement and the type of braces chosen. On an average, the treatment time can range between 8 months – 24 months.
I want to align teeth, but I do not want visible braces. What are the options?
Clear Aligners from Clearpath, Clearbite, K-Line or Invisalign is the best option to align teeth without the need to wear braces. Another option is to use lingual braces (braces on the insides of your teeth), but the disadvantages of lingual braces far outweigh their beneﬁts
Aligners are clear, transparent sequential set of trays that ﬁt snugly onto your teeth and effect tooth movement in stages. Aligners are made using CAD/CAM technology to custom design your smile. So here there is no need for any attachment on the teeth, no need for wires or rubber bands! And they are Invisible!
Do Aligners really work?
They do! Aligners also provide the same results in alignment as braces
- Latest technology
- No brackets/wires/rubber bands/attachments on teeth
- CAD-CAM designed custom-made smile
- Ability to view the treatment outcome even before starting treatment
- Virtually invisible/Highly comfortable
- Removable; hence no food restrictions
- Easy maintenance
- Minimal appointments/fewer visits
- No dental emergencies due to broken wire/bracket
- Ideal for frequent travelers/overseas patients
- The cost of treatment can be high
- The duration of treatment can be longer than self-ligating braces
- It may not be preferred in complex tooth movement
- Not indicated for children
What are retainers?
Retainers are used after active orthodontic treatment is completed with braces. Your braces will be removed and retainers will be made which can be fixed or removable. This has to be worn for a minimum of one year.
Why should I wear Retainers?
During active orthodontic treatment with braces, teeth are moved within the bone and can sometimes feel loose during this time. When the alignment is complete, teeth are moved into a new position and has to be stabilized by new bone formation around the tooth. This is the period of retention. Failure to wear retainers will cause the teeth to move back to their original position.
Caring for your Braces
Your appliance is ﬁxed to your teeth and cannot be removed until the end of treatment. Some discomfort may occur during the ﬁrst few days
- Brush your teeth and braces, at least three times a day (and always after eating)
- Clean between your teeth and braces at least once daily (and always just before you go to bed).
- Use quality toothpaste. Toothpastes containing ﬂuoride have been proven to help prevent cavities.
- Use a ﬂuoride mouthwash to help reduce the risk of cavities.
- Floss regularly and thoroughly
- Avoid sugary snacks (candy, ice cream, cookies, soda pop, etc.) that can damage your braces and increase your risk for cavities. Sticky foods should especially be avoided.
- Don’t chew gum, even sugarless gum
- Do not smoke or chew tobacco
- In case of pain Please take one pain reliever like IMOL or CROCIN.
- In case of Ulceration, please apply DOLOGEL or DENTOGEL ointment.